Muscle pain, or myalgia, can scale anywhere between mild to excruciating and last between a couple of days or lingering for months. Myalgia involves a specific muscle but can include ligaments, tendons, and soft tissue which connects muscles, bones, and organs. This is usually because Myalgia is not simply limited to an overstrained muscle or stressed tendon from an injury during exercise of physical labor. It could be caused by infections like the flu or disorders like lupus which targets connective soft tissues.
The most common form is fibromyalgia, which involves tenderness in your muscles and the soft tissue near it, sleep difficulties, fatigue, and headaches. This syndrome continues for long-term and affects the whole body.
The most common causes of muscle pain are:
- Injury or trauma including sprains and strains
- Overuse: using a muscle too much, too soon, too often
- Tension or stress
- Certain drugs, including:
- ACE inhibitors for lowering blood pressure
- Statins for lowering cholesterol
- Dermatomyositis, a muscle disease characterized by inflammation and a skin rash.
- Electrolyte imbalances like too little potassium or calcium
- Infections, including:
- Influenza (the flu)
- Lyme disease
- Muscle abscess
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever
- Trichinosis (roundworm)
- Polymyalgia rheumatica(PMR), is an inflammatory disorder involving pain and stiffness in the shoulder and usually also the hip.
- Polymyositis, a relatively uncommon inflammatory disease that leads to muscle weakness, swelling, tenderness, and damage.
- Rhabdomyolysis, the breakdown of muscle fibers that leads to the release of muscle fiber contents (myoglobin) into the bloodstream.
What you should keep in mind is to take things slow and easy, avoid high-impact aerobic workouts and weight lifting, and get plenty of sleep while reducing stress.
If myalgia continues or if you know the pain did not come from overstrained muscles, it is very important to speak to your physician.
Schedule a Wellness Consultation with us today when you are ready to take your first steps into a healthier lifestyle!